Romania is a country in Eastern Europe, located next to the Black Sea. The country has land borders with 5 other European countries: Moldova, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia, and Bulgaria.

General Information

  • Capital city: Bucharest
  • Population: 19.12 Million
  • Dialing code: +40
  • Time Zone: GMT+2
  • Official language: Romanian
  • Currency: Romanian leu (RON)
  • Domain extension: .ro

Climate

Romania has a mostly temperate continental climate, but its eastern coast is rather oceanic. In general Romania’s climate is influenced by the Scandinavian-Baltic weather, the Mediterranean, and the Black Sea. Like most of Europe, Romania has 4 distinct seasons with hot and dry summers, mild springs and autumns and cool and wet winters. However, regional differences exist between the eastern coast, the plain areas and the mountains.

Money & Paying

The official currency of Romania is the Romanian leu (plural: lei), which is divided in 100 bani (singular: ban). There are coins of 1, 5, 10, and 50 bani, and notes of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, and 500 lei. Apart from cash, cards are also widely accepted in Romania. However, it is advisable to check with your bank if any fees are applicable when paying abroad in another currency. You can also find plenty of ATMs (called bancomat) throughout Romania to withdraw cash in Romanian lei. However, since the Romanian lei is not widely accepted at currency exchanges abroad, it is advisable to convert any leftover money into another currency before you leave Romania.

Prices on restaurant menus are usually inclusive of all taxes and service charges. Tips are always appreciated, and around 10% is quite common. Taxi drivers don’t expect a tip, but you can round up the amount. For other services offered by hotel staff and other people, small tips are always appreciated.

Safety

Romania is considered a safe country for visitors as violent crimes against tourists are almost non-existent. Nevertheless, common sense is always advised and expecially at busier places like big cities and public transport one should be aware of pick pocketers. Always watch your belongings and make use of the safe in your hotel rooms to store your valuables.

Emergency Numbers

Romania has adopted the European emergency number 112 for all emergencies, regardless of the nature. So whether you want to report a medical emergency, a car crash or other accident, a violent crime, a fire or any other safety hazard, you can call the same toll-free number.

  • General emergencies: 112
  • Police: 112
  • Fire: 112
  • Ambulance: 112

Phone & Data Services

Romania is part of the EU so if you have a sim card from any EU country, you can use (data) roaming in Romania to use your home provider’s plan without any additional roaming costs. If you have a phone plan from any other country, you can best check the roaming costs with your provider before you travel to Romania to avoid any surprices or simply turn off data roaming while you’re here. You can also obtain a Romanian sim card at any airport, phone shop or reselling point as most of them offer generous data plans at reasonable prices. The main mobile phone providers are Orange, Vodafone, Telekom Romania (formerly Cosmote), and Digi Mobil. Being a mountenous country, there are obviously black spots, but in general the coverage and reception are good and internet speeds are fast as 4G is available nationwide and the availability of 5G is growing.